Don’t Call It Pampering: Massage Wants to Be Medicine – WSJ.com http://ow.ly/bclIa
For years, I have been amazed at and blessed by these beautiful yellow flowers that cover the hillsides this time of year in the woods where I run most days. Although I see these plants elsewhere, never in such abundance as in the woods adjacent to Upriver Dr. near the dam.
I wanted to know about these plants, so I did a little research and got more than I bargained for.
Balsamorhiza sagittata, Arrowleaf Balsamroot:
It is a part of the Aster Family, Asteraceae, a species of the Balsamroot genus, and is a perennial forb (herbaceous plant). It is native to Montana and the Mountain West. A search for ethnobotanical applications turned up 109 uses (http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Balsamorhiza+sagittata).
This is a summary of uses from the University of Michigan ethnobotany database; its properties classify it as an analgesic, disinfectant, antirheumatic (internal), dermatological aid, venereal aid, gynecological aid, urinary aid, diaphoretic, eye medicine, antidiarrheal, oral/throat aid, burn dressing, cathartic, pulmonary aid, hemostat, tuberculosis remedy, dietary aid, cold remedy, febrifuge (lowers fevers), gastrointestinal aid, panacea, sedative, beverage, candy, food, incense/fragrance, tool/containers, and gathered for trade…
-Root smudge smoke inhaled for body aches.
-Poultice of chewed roots applied to blisters and sores.
-Infusion of leaves, roots and stems taken for stomach pains and headaches.
-Steam of decoction of plant inhaled for headache and used as wash on head.
-Decoction or infusion of leaves, roots and stems taken for stomach pains/stomachache.
-Infusion of leaves, stems and roots taken for colds.
-Decoction of root taken when labor begins, to insure easy delivery.
-Root chewed and saliva allowed to run down throat for sore mouth and throat.
-Root chewed and rubbed over the body for any sickness.
-Root chewed for toothaches.
-Poultice of coarse, large leaves used for burns.
-Infusion of roots taken as a cathartic.
-Infusion of roots taken for whooping cough, tuberculosis, or to increase urine.
-Root sap taken for consumption.
-Poultice of pounded or chewed root paste applied to arrow or gunshot wounds or hemorrhages.
-Chewed roots or pounded root salve applied to fresh wounds.
-Poultice of root infusion used for wounds, cuts and bruises.
-Decoction of ground root cooled and taken for headaches.
-Decoction of root taken to produce profuse perspiration for rheumatism.
-Poultice of dried, powdered leaves applied to severe skin burns.
-Leaves placed on glowing coals and laid on to cause profuse sweating.
-Poultice of mashed root applied to insect bites or swellings.
-Poultice of powdered, dried root applied to syphilitic sores.
-Decoction of root taken over a long period of time for venereal disease.
-Root burned as a fumigant in the sickroom.
-Poultice of root prepared in various ways and applied to painful or bruised areas.
-Pulverized root sprinkled on sores and boils.
-Infusion of root rubbed into hair and scalp to help hair grow.
-Decoction of root used as an eyewash.
-Infusion of leaves used as a wash for poison ivy and running sores.
-Seeds eaten for dysentery.
-Root sucked and chewed for hunger.
-Juice from the stems sucked when thirsty.
-Old, large roots cooked and used for food.
-Young shoots eaten raw or baked in the ground or oven.
-Young shoots, when eaten in great quantities, caused sleepiness like sleeping pills.
-Shoots mixed with chocolate tips and used in the “first roots” ceremony.
-Young shoots chewed while eating fish.
-Young leafstalks, leaves, young budstems and fruits used for food.
-Parched, winnowed, ground seeds made into cakes and eaten without cooking.
-Young, immature flower stems peeled and eaten raw.
-Blooming stems peeled and eaten.
-Young stems and leaves eaten raw as a salad.
-Leaves and petioles boiled and eaten.
-Stalks soaked in water, peeled and eaten raw.
-Crowns chewed or sucked.
-Root crown, with the young undeveloped leaves, used for food.
-Roots pit baked and used for food.
-Roots eaten raw and cooked.
-Roots steamed and eaten.
-Loose or skewered roots cooked overnight in a steaming pit and used for food.
-Dried roots cooked and eaten as a “sort of dessert” after meals.
-Cooked roots hung on strings, dried and then stored on the strings or in baskets.
-Seeds a highly prized source of oil and food.
-Ripe seeds eaten raw.
-Roasted, ground seeds used for food.
-Seeds pounded and flour mixed with other foods.
-Dried seed flour eaten as porridge, especially in times of famine.
-Seeds roasted in baskets with hot stones and eaten.
-Cracked seeds pulverized, winnowed and eaten.
-Roasted seeds ground into a flour.
-Roasted, ground seeds made into flour and used to make mush.
-Roasted, ground seeds made into flour and stored for winter use.
-Seeds mixed with deer fat or grease, boiled, cooled and made into small cakes.
-Powdered seeds eaten alone or mixed with deer grease, pine nuts, saskatoon berries or fir sugar.
-Seeds roasted, ground, grease added and mixture eaten.
-Seeds oven dried for future use.
-Flower bud stems peeled and succulent inner portion eaten raw or boiled.
-Plant heated, fermented and eaten.
-Root pitch chewed as gum.
-Ground seed meal and juniper berries used to make a pudding.
-Leaves used in roasting camas roots.
-Roots used as incense during the preparatory rites for the ceremonial runner.
-Roots used as incense during the Planting ceremonies of the Tobacco Society.
-Roots used as incense for the Crow feather headpiece during the transfer ceremony of Beaver bundle.
-Leaves wrapped around young boy’s feet to practice walking silently and carefully in the woods.
-Leaves used under cleaned and washed salmon.
-Roots strung on long strings and used in trading.
Simple Cure for Spring Fever Rediscovered
Do you find yourself obsessed with cleaning, fixing, organizing, mowing, planting, etc., etc.? Are you having difficulty napping, goofing-off, wasting time? You may be a victim of the dreaded Spring Fever!
Rx for Spring Fever
As soon as you feel the fever coming on Take one beer every !5 minutes until symptoms subside. And then one every hour for two to three hours, unless napping. The beer must be minimum 6% alcohol by volume; 7% or higher is optimum. If symptoms return, begin again at 15 minute intervals.
There ya’ go. It works every time and has been time tested and proven worldwide over hundreds of years.
Caution: do not drive or operate machinery while under treatment.
If you you want info regarding real health issues, visit www.b2bwa.com.
The following research abstract is quite technical, so just skip over what you don’t understand. The point being is that this illustrates the profound effects of chiropractic care.
Visit my website for more about chiropractic in English – www.b2bwa.com.
Ogura T, DC, PhD et al. Cerebral Metabolic Changes in Men after Cervical Spinal Manipulation for Neck Pain. Alternative Ther Health Med 2011;17(6):12-17.
The autonomic nervous system is often involved in spinal dysfunction.
Methods: This study investigates the effects of a single cervical chiropractic spinal manipulation using an Activator for neck pain on brain regions associated with autonomic nervous system functions (limbic & paralimbic regions such as prefrontal cortex, orbitofrontal cortex, cingulate gyrus, striatum, thalamus, cerebellum, & brain stem) in terms of cerebral glucose metabolic changes: glucose consumption & regional cerebral metabolism as measured by fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) in 12 men (21-40 yrs, mean 28) with neck pain & shoulder stiffness. Brain PET scanning was performed twice on each Pt, at rest & after Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation with =/> 1wk in between. Outcomes also used: Stress-response scale, Quality of Life scale, VAS, muscle tone & salivary amylase.
Results: Increased glucose metabolism was observed in the inferior prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex,& middle temporal gyrus, & decreased glucose metabolism was found in the cerebellar vermis & visual association cortex after Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation (P< .001). Post-Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation questionnaires indicated lower VAS, stress level & better quality of life, as well as decreased cervical muscle tone & salivary amylase.
Discussion: Neuroimaging shows cerebellar vermis activation with pain. Painful heat & sensory cues that anticipate painful stimulation results in activation of the cerebellar vermis which is also involved with mental stress & regulation of autonomic responses in aversive conditioning. Deactivation of t cerebellar vermis after Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation may be related to pain reduction & a decrease in sympathetic tone. We suggest that deactivation of the cerebellar vermis may be preceded by decreases in sympathetic tone, muscle tone, & pain. The anterior cingulate cortex, inferior prefrontal cortex, & middle temporal gyrus were activated with Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation. The cingulate cortex is involved in the generation of autonomic responses. Relaxation tasks may elicit maximal activation of it. The cingulate cortex is also involved in cognitive & emotional processing & the attentional system including the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Activation of the inferior prefrontal cortex after Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation may indicate sympathetic relaxation. Salivary amylase measures are important in psychoneuroendocrinological research on stress. Salivary amylase reflects stress-related changes in the body & is increased in subjects undergoing psychological stress. It is possible that a decrease in salivary amylase is observed in people in a relaxed condition. It is possible that a decrease in salivary amylase is observed in people in a relaxed condition. Salivary amylase after Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation was significantly lower may be related to sympathetic relaxation.
Conclusion: The results demonstrate sympathetic relaxation & regional brain metabolic changes, as well as reduced muscle tone and decreased pain intensity following Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation. The results demonstrate sympathetic relaxation & regional brain metabolic changes, as well as reduced muscle tone and decreased pain intensity following cervical Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation.
Commentary: This amazing study from Japan includes one DC, PhD and 6 MD, PhDs among the authors. Their findings document that a single Activator Spinal Manipulation applied to the cervical spine in men with neck pain and shoulder stiffness results in significant changes in glucose utilization in various regions of the brain involved with autonomic nervous system regulation. The results open the door for other sophisticated studies to investigate what may be profound benefits of spinal manipulation on the central nervous system. The findings in this study indicate that post-Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation changes in brain glucose utilization are consistent with muscle relaxation, improved sense of well-being, decrease serum amylase, and a reduction in sympathetic relaxation. These dramatic changes are the result of a single Activator SM. What are effects of a series of adjustments over a period or days, weeks, or months? What are the effects of full spine adjustments rather than a single Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation? Stay tuned. In the near future we should see more studies of this variety soon to be published.
The image below is divided into two sections: three images on the right illustrate areas of increased glucose utilization after Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation and those on the left, regions of reduced glucose activity.